About Omics

1. Abstract

Omics is study which research body, so it include many various fields. So in this essay, there are 12 kinds of fields. However there are much more fields in detail. Let’s see what kinds of fields are in omics and why they divided.


2. Intro

The suffix ‘-ome’ means 'body', which means all of a collection of molecules or cells in modern life science. In omics, bioinformatics techniques are used to break away from existing fragmentary research and attempt a comprehensive and holistic paradigm to collectively study large amounts of biological information and their interrelationships.


3. Result

<Fields of Omics>

  1. Genomics

Field of study of genes. Also Field of bioinformatics such as proteomics, transcription physiology, interactive biology.

  1. Transcriptomics

Field of study the totality of expressed RNAs.

With the sum of expressed proteins, expressome is formed. The research that combines these two is called Expressomics.

  1. Proteomics

Field of study all proteins in cells or in individuals.

Ultimately, the basic unit of human bioactivity is protein. There are many varieties of proteins with many variations, and every possible protein set for a functional unit is called a proteome.

  1. Lipidomics

Field of study pathway and networks of lipids.

  1. Foodomics

Field of study the food and nutrition domains through the application.

  1. Interactomics

Field of study the totality of the interactions of molecules within a cell and of protein interactions.

  1. Metabolomics

Field of study and analyze metabolites and metabolic circuits in the cell in general.

Metabolomics is one of the core branches of genomics. It the expression of all metabolites generated by genotypes and their regulatory results in relation to genomes. Metabolism is mainly based on extracting and analyzing everything that can be classified in blood, and its application is mainly studying metabolic diseases.

  1. Textomics

Field of study biological objects in the literature as organic networks.

  1. Pharmacogenomics

Field of study the correlation between drugs and genomes of living organisms using sequencing and bioinformatics pharmacology.

  1. Chemical genomics

Field of study the expression and function of a large number of genes using a large variety of chemical substances.

  1. Physiomics

Field of study a large amount of experimental information.

  1. Geromics

Field of study systematically discovering, diagnosing, and treating biologic and sociological aging phenomenon systematically using the vocational techniques.


4. Discussion

While Investigating omics, I realized that there are a lot of fields in omics. This is applies not only to omics but also to other studies.

Why did these many fields need to divide?

If there are no enough divided fields, aspects to one certain subject will not be various. It might lead to confusion in the study.

But if there are enough kinds of fields, when researcher in each fields will study one certain subject, the result of research will come much clear and persuasively.


5. Reference

Wikipedia; Omics;

Wikipedia; 체학;